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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 69-71

Congenital bilateral anophthalmia: A case report and review of the literature

Department of Paediatrics, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ibrahim Aliyu
Department of Paediatrics, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Bayero University, Kano
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DOI: 10.4103/1858-5000.160954

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Anophthalmia is congenital absence of the eyes; it may be unilateral or bilateral. Though rare, it occurs worldwide. It usually occurs in association with other systemic malformations particularly cardiac, musculoskeletal and central nervous system abnormalities. Therefore, the case of a female child delivered in our facility who was subsequently admitted into the special care baby unit on account of respiratory distress and bilaterally absent eyes is reported. She had ocular and brain computer tomography scan that showed under development of both globes and hypogyria; chest X-ray showed bilateral patchy opacities only, electrocardiography and abdominal ultrasound scan were normal while echocardiography revealed trivial tricuspid regurgitation with shunt lesions: Perimembranous ventricular septal defect of 5.4 mm and a secundum atrial septal defect of 5 mm. She is followed-up in both the ophthalmology and pediatric cardiology clinics.

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