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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 66-69

Ischiopubic index of Edo people in Benin City, Nigeria

1 Department of Human Anatomy and Cell Biology, College of Health Sciences, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria
2 Department of Radiology, College of Medical Sciences, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Dennis E. O. Eboh
Department of of Human Anatomy and Cell Biology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Delta State University, PMB 1, Abraka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2315-7992.174012

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Background: Sex determination stands a key position in the human identification process. Aim: This study was conducted to determine the pubic length, ischial length, and ischiopubic index, and to ascertain their usefulness in sex determination among Edo people. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study that utilized 114 male and 86 female anteroposterior pelvic radiographs of patients who attended the radiological services of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, between January 2010 and September 2014. The subjects were in the age range of 18-60 years, with a mean age of 36.56 ± 11.93 years. Pubic and ischial lengths were measured with digital Vernier Caliper and ischiopubic index derived. Statistical Analysis: Data were analyzed with descriptive and inferential statistics using statistical package of social sciences version 20. P value ≤ 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: The ischial and pubic lengths exhibited statistically significant sex differences (P < 0.05). Only the pubic length has the ability for accurate sexing of the bone, as 61.1% in males and 46.5% in females could be identified by the demarking point, using "mean ± 2SD." Ischiopubic index exhibited significant sexual dimorphism (P < 0.05) with a very high percentage identified (≥93%) by demarking points in males and females, using "mean ± 2SD and mean ± 3SD." Conclusion: Ischiopubic index is relevant in sex determination.

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